Hand Tools

In spanners, screwdrivers and other domestic and engineering tools Vanadium is added with chromium to provide strong, wear resistant tools.

In tools which have a cutting function the cutting edge is provided by hard carbides. The iron carbide of carbon steels is supplemented by the harder carbides of vanadium and tungsten. Planes, chisels, reamers and shears, especially those used for cutting hard materials or heavy sections of softer materials, are made from vanadium-tungsten steels.