A Model for Interphase Precipitation in V-Microalloyed Structural Steels


A model for interphase precipitation, with a predictive capacity, is presented. This article deals with its application to V-microalloyed steels. The model rests on an analysis of the growth of the V depleted zone ahead of a sheet of V(C,N) particles and the simultaneous advance of the g/ainterface in which it was nucleated. It is shown that volume diffusion of V cannot explain the observed intersheet spacings and that a faster diffusion process is required. It is postulated that the g/a boundary will bow out some time after a sheet of V(C,N) particles has formed in it. Part of the V in the will then be fed to V(C,N) particles in the sheet by boundary diffusion as the transforms to g/a The V content at the front will, thus, be lower than the initial content in the austenite. However, the reduction will be less the further the interface has moved away from the sheet of V(C,N) particles. At a sufficient distance, the V content is again high enough to allow new V(C,N) particles to nucleate, and a new sheet of particles will form. Between the two sheets, there will be a ledge (or superledge) that will advance along the first sheet. The height of the ledge will, thus, be determined by the distance in which V(C,N) particles can again be nucleated. The model exhibits reasonably good agreement with observed values of intersheet spacing, with its temperature dependence and transition from interphase to general precipitation, and with its dependence on C, V, and N content. It also provides physically sound explanations of these dependencies.


V(C,N), interphase precipitation, vanadium microalloyed steel, austenite/ferrite interface, transformation.


Rune Lagneborg and Stanislaw Zajac


The Mechanical Department, Swedish Institute for Metals Research, S-11428 Stockholm, Sweden.


Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 32A, No. 1, 2001, pp. 39-50