An Analysis of the Contributions of Current Density and Voltage Efficiency to the Capital Costs of an All Vanadium Redox-Flow Battery


This paper utilizes new data on voltage efficiency for all-vanadium redox flow batteries to show improved system costs for grid-level applications. As more and more renewable power production is added to the grid the need increases for large scale storage alternatives.


vanadium redox-flow battery, current density, analysis


Mark Moore (1), Counce Robert M (1), Watson JS (1), Thomas AZ (1) and Che-Nan Sun (2)


(1) Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37919, USA
(2) Physical Chemistry of Materials Group, ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA

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Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology, Vol. 7. No. 2, 2016.

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