Crystallographic Analysis of Proeutectoid Ferrite/Austenite Interface and Interphase Precipitation of Vanadium Carbide in Medium-Carbon Steel
To clarify the mechanism of interphase precipitation of vanadium carbide (VC) in a medium-carbon steel, orientation relationships (ORs) and plane orientations of ferrite/austenite interfaces were investigated. It was found that a large part of grain boundary ferrite holds near-K-S OR with at least one side of austenite adjacent to grain boundary regardless of V addition. By the V addition, a fraction of grain boundary ferrite holding near the K-S OR with both sides of austenite is decreased remarkably. Furthermore, only non-K-S ferrite/austenite interfaces migrate dominantly in the V-added alloy in contrast to the V-free alloy. Ferrite/austenite interface orientations are not fixed crystallographically but are randomly distributed in terms of ferrite and austenite orientations. Those results do not agree with the ledge mechanism originally proposed by Honeycombe. Thus, it is proposed that the ledge mechanism is extended to the non-K-S interface, which partially consists of coherent and less-mobile interfaces.
proeutectoid Ferrite, interphase precipitation, vanadium carbide, medium carbon steel
G. Miyamoto (1), R. Hori, B (2). Poorganji (3) and T. Furuhara (1)
(1) Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8577, Japan, and with the Consortium of the Japan Research and Development Center for Metals for Fundamental Studies on Technologies for Steel Materials with Enhanced Strength and Functions,Tokyo, Japan.
(2) Formerly Graduate Student, Tohoku University, is now with Toyota Motor Corporation, Toyota, Aichi 471-8571, Japan.
(3) Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering & Applied Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-3100, and with the Consortium of the Japan Research and Development Center for Metals for Fundamental Studies on Technologies for Steel Materials with Enhanced Strength and Functions.
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Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 44, August 2013, pp 3436-3443