Vanadium Precipitation During Intercritical Annealing in Cold Rolled TRIP Steels
Flat carbon steel manufacturers are currently developing new TRansformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steels as a response to strong demands for vehicle lightening and security reinforcement from the automobile sector. Compared to conventional high strength steels these advanced grades exhibit a very favourable compromise between strength and ductility and can therefore be produced in thinner, lighter gauge strips with equivalent functional properties. The excellent mechanical properties of TRIP steels are attributed to the high strain hardening coefficient generated by the progressive transformation of metastable retained austenite to martensite during plastic deformation. Further improvements in mechanical properties can be obtained by microalloying, especially with vanadium and nitrogen additions. In this paper we discuss the rather complex evolution of vanadium carbonitride V(C, N) precipitation during continuous annealing of cold rolled strip. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selective chemical dissolution are used to characterise the precipitation state during interrupted intercritical annealing cycles. The experimental results are compared with calculations made using a recent kinetic precipitation model. We show that reasonable agreement can be achieved using a simple uncoupled model, however a complete description of the precipitation sequence during continuous annealing will require fully coupled kinetic models describing the interactions between cementite dissolution, the ferrite to austenite transformation and V(C, N) precipitation.
cold rolled TRIP, microalloying, V(C, N) precipitation, kinetics modelling.
F. Perrard and Colin Scott
Automotive Research Center, Arcelor Research S.A., Voie Romaine BP 30320, 57283 Maizières-lès-Metz, France.
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ISIJ International, Vol. 47, No. 8, 2007, pp.1168–1177